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Addition Learning Games for Kids – Subtraction Learning Games for Kids

AGES: 4 to 7

NUMBER OF PLAYERS: 2 to 5

CONTENTS: Total of 150 blocks in four different colors, two dice with numerals 0 through 5, two dice with numerals 4 through 9 (the dice have the numbers and the corresponding number of dots next to it), a dice holder for rolling dice, and one red dice numbered 1 to 6.

One of the following sets of dice can be used for Addition: A choice is given as to which 2 dice will be used, depending on the degree of difficulty of the sums in the Number Facts.

A Number Fact is 4 + 2 =. The Sum of this Number Fact is 6.

  • Two lower numbered dice (0 to 5) for lower sums
  • One higher numbered dice (4 to 9) and one lower numbered dice (0-5) for medium sums
  • Two higher numbered dice (4 to 9) for higher sums

One of the following sets of dice can be used for Subtraction: A choice is given as to which 2 dice will be used, depending on the degree of difficulty of the differences in the Number Facts. A Number Fact is 6 – 4 =. The difference of this Number Fact is 2.

  • Two lower numbered dice (0 to 5) for lower difference
  • One higher numbered dice (4 to 9) and one lower numbered dice (0-5) for higher differences
  • Two higher numbered dice (4 to 9) for medium differences.

OBJECTIVE: Each player competes to get the highest score.

FOR ADDITION:

Setup

Place all blocks in the middle of the table as the pool. Place all dice in a pile next to the pool of blocks (first player can randomly exchange the dice during a game to have more varied Number Facts involved). Players decide the number of turns each will have as a full game (choose 3 to 6 turns). Players decide which two dice they will use (see choices listed under CONTENTS). Roll the red dice for first play. The player that rolls the highest number plays first. The first player will turn the red dice to keep track of the number of turns players have played in the game each time it is his turn.

Gameplay

  • The first player puts the red dice with the number 1 facing up (this is the first or number 1 turn of the game), and announces the same.
  • First player rolls the two dice chosen (always roll dice into the game box lid for more controlled throwing). He adds the numbers of the two dice to get the sum of the two numbers rolled.
  • Player takes that many blocks as his own from the pool. Example: The player rolls a 2 and a 5. The player takes seven blocks from the pool and places them on the table in front him. Players must say the number fact and sum for the numbers rolled, aloud, after each roll of the dice and before taking the blocks form the pool. Example: Player says “2+5=7.” Adult help is encouraged, if needed.
  • Play passes to the left. The second player, and then each in turn, rolls the dice into the game box lid, says the number fact and sum and takes that number of blocks from the pool as his own.
  • Players do not have to get the exact number needed to take the last blocks from the pool. Example: Two blocks are left in the pool. The player rolls 6+3 = 9. The player takes the last two blocks as his own and the game is over.
  • Ending the game: The game ends when all blocks are finished in the pool or each player has had the number of turns for the game as decided during SETUP.

Scoring

  • All players line their blocks in rows of 10 to make it easier for counting, count by 10’s.
    The winner is the one with the most blocks.
  • HINT: If a player has difficulty adding, tell them to look at the dots on the dice with the higher number and then count on to the dice with the lower number. Example: The numbers rolled are 3 and 2. The dice with the higher number is 3. Now pointing to each of the dots on the dice with the lower number, which is 2, count on to 3….4, 5. 3+2=5. Another Example: The numbers rolled are 9 and 4. The dice with the higher number is 9. Point to each of the dots on the dice with the lower number, which is 4, count on to 9….10, 11, 12, 13. 9 + 4 =13.

PRAISE THE PLAYERS THROUGHOUT THE GAME ON
THINGS THEY DO CORRECTLY.

FOR SUBTRACTION:

Setup

Place all blocks in the middle of the table as the pool. Place all dice in a pile next to the pool of blocks (first player can randomly exchange the dice during a game to have more varied Number Facts involved). Players decide the number of turns each will have as a full game (choose 3 to 6 turns). Players decide which two dice they will use (see choices listed under CONTENTS). Each player takes 30 blocks from the pool as his own placing them on the table in front of him. Put blocks in rows of 10 for easy counting. Roll the red dice for first play. The player that rolls the highest number plays first. The first player will turn the red dice to keep track of the number of turns players have played in the game each time it is his turn.

Gameplay

  • The first player puts the red dice with the number 1 facing up (this is the first or number 1 turn of the game), and announces the same.
  • The first player rolls the two dice chosen (always roll dice into the game box lid for more controlled throwing) and puts the number of his own blocks into the pool that is equal to the difference of the lowest number rolled from the highest number rolled. Players must say the Number Fact and difference of the numbers rolled, aloud, after each roll of the dice and before putting their blocks into the pool. Example: 6 – 4 = 2. The difference is 2, player puts two of his blocks into the pool. Adult help in encouraged, if needed.
  • Play passes to the left. The second player, and then each in turn, rolls the dice into the game box lid, says the number fact and difference and puts that number of blocks into the pool from his own.
  • Players do not have to get the exact number needed to put their own blocks into the pool. Example: Player has only two blocks of his own remaining. The player rolls 6 – 3 = 3. The player puts the last two blocks of his own into the pool and the game is over.
  • Ending the game: The game ends when a player has no blocks of his own remaining or each player has had the number of turns for the game as decided during SETUP.

Scoring

The player with the least blocks of his own remaining is the winner.

HINT: If the child has difficulty subtracting, tell him to look at the little dots on the dice with the lower number and count backwards from the dice with the higher number. Example: The dice 5 and 2 are rolled. 5 is the dice with the higher number. Pointing at the dots on the dice with the lower number, which is 2, count backwards from 5…4,3. 5 – 2 = 3. 1. Another Example: The dice rolled are 9 and 4. The dice with the higher number is 9. Point to the dots on the dice with the lower number, which is 4, count backwards from 9…. 8, 7, 6, 5. 9 – 4 = 5.

PRAISE THE PLAYERS THROUGHOUT THE GAME ON
THINGS THEY DO CORRECTLY.

ADDITION FOR YOUNGER CHILDREN: Adding 1 to a number to get a sum: Put one dice in the game box lid with number 1 showing. Roll the other dice and add that number plus 1 (dice in the game box lid). That’s how many blocks the player will take from the pile. This can be done with adding 2 to a number to get a sum. Put one dice in game box lid with number 2 showing. Roll the other dice and add that number plus 2 (dice in the box lid). This can be done with adding 3, adding 4, etc. Player must always say the Number Fact first. Example: 4+1=5, and then take 5 blocks from the middle of the table to add to their pile. When all of the blocks in the middle of the table are taken, the game is over. The game can also be stopped after six turns. The first player will announce the number of turns on his turn and will announce the sixth turn as the last turn for the game. The game is over when each player has had six turns to roll the dice as a full game, or when all of the blocks are taken from the middle of the table. The winner is the one with the most blocks at the end of the game.

PRAISE THE PLAYERS THROUGHOUT THE GAME ON
THINGS THEY DO CORRECTLY.

SUBTRACTION FOR YOUNGER CHILDREN: Subtracting 1 from a number to get the difference. Each player gets 30 blocks (place in rows of 10 for easy counting). Put one dice in the game box lid with number 1 showing. Roll the other dice and subtract 1 (dice in the game box lid) from the number rolled. That’s how many blocks are put into the pile in the middle of the table. Play until someone puts all their blocks into the pile in the middle of the table. He is the winner of the game. The player does not have to get the exact number needed to play his blocks on the last turn. Example: The player has two blocks left. The dice he rolls is a 4 to go with the dice in the game box lid showing the number 1 that has a difference of 3. 4-1 equals 3. The player can put his last two blocks into the pile in the middle of the table. He is the winner of the game. Players may stop playing game after six rounds (each player has six turns to roll the dice and puts their blocks in the middle of the table.) The first player will announce the number of turns on his turn and will announce the sixth turn as the last turn for the game. The game is over when each player has had six turns to roll the dice as a full game or when a player has put all his blocks into the pile in the middle of the table. The player with the least number of blocks is the winner.
This can be done with subtracting 2 from a number to get the difference. Put one dice in the game box lid with number 2 showing. Roll the other dice and then subtract 2 (dice in the game box lid) from it to get the difference. This can be done with subtracting 3 and 4 as long as the other number rolled is larger. Player must always say the number fact first. Example: 4-1=3, and then put the 3 blocks in the middle of the table.

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